About DHO Darchula
Darchula, one of the mountainian districts of the Far-Western Development Region of Nepal is situated at an altitude ranging from 518 to 7132 m above the sea level and covers 2322 square km of the Province no 7. It is also lies between 290, 36' and 300,15' northern lattitude and 800,22' and 810,09' eastian longitude in world map. The district is surrounded by Baitadi from the south, Bajhang from the east, Uttarakhand Pradesh of India from the west,and tibbet of chaina from the north. The district is politically divided into 2 Municipality and 7 Ruralality, house of representative constituency 1and provincial constituency 2 . It's District Headquarters (DHQ) is Khalanga, located in Mahakali Municipality in the bank of Mahakali river connected with Dharchula city of uttrakhand,india. The Gokule-Darchula highway stretches 71.78 km between Baitadi and Khalanga. Khalanga, gokuleshwore and latinath bazaar are three main trade centre of this district . An Airport located at Gokuleshwore, about 71 km from DHQ, was not functioning since conflict and its reconstruction has not yet begun. The major rivers that flow through this district are Mahakali, Chaulani, Kalagad, Tinkarkhola, Naugad, Laskukhola, Hoparigad, Makarigad etc. The Malikarjun temple, Latinath temple, Api Himal,Nampa himal, Byas Himal are the most popular tourist site in the district. The total population of Darchula is 1,33,274 of which 47.72% are male and 52.28% are female. The sex ratio of this district is 91.30 male as per 100 females and 57 person per square kilometer is the population density of this district. Only 0.88% is the population growth rate of this district. darchula’s population includes 16,124 children under five, 16,535 adolescent girls (aged 10-19), 33,260 women of reproductive age (15-49), and 11,2500 seniors (aged 60 years and above). The population of men aged 20-49 is noticeably smaller than that of women, due to migration patterns. A majority of the population is Chhetri (64.55%) followed by Brahmins (16.71%), and Dalits (11.12%) and most of peoples about 98.88% are Hindu and only 1.22% people are of different religious. A typical household in darchula owns its home (94.19%), while only 4.35% of households live in rented premises. A majority of of the populations mother tongue is doteli (95.89%) ,while (4.11%) are of others. The vast majority of households (93.03%) use firewood for cooking, while 2.61% use kerosene, and 3.33% use LP gas .Only 26.95 use electricity for lighting , while 33.32% use kerosene and 33.07 use solar energy.. Acording to national census bureau 2011,Agriculture remains the main occupation for the majority of people in Darchula and also remains to be the major source of household income. In Darchula, seasonal labor migration to India is very common because of limited job opportunities in the district, during the off-agricultural seasons. In 2011, about 6,864 people migrated from Darchula, of which 13.23% were female. This seasonal migration mainly takes places generally during October to March (agricultural off-season), during when there are limited job opportunities. Most of the migrants come from ultra-poor, socially excluded and marginalized groups, such as the Dalits. Internal migration is also common, with some people moving to the plains or terai for work.